Types of Transitive Verbs


There are three types of transitive verbs. They are monotransitive verbs, ditransitive verbs and complex transitive verbs.

Monotransitive verbs are verbs with one object. Examples:

1) I love you.
2) hate you.
3) I slapped the man.
4) I killed the goat.


Verbs “love”, “hate”, “slapped”, and “killed” are all monotransitive verbs because they have an object each.

Ditransitive verbs require two objects, direct and indirect, in SPOO pattern to be grammatical. Examples:

5) I (S) sent (P) him (Oi) some money (Od).
6) She (S) gave (P) the man (Oi) a car (Od).
7) Abeni (S) bought (P) her (Oi) a table (Od).
8) I (S) sent (P) him (Oi) a gift (Od).
9) She (S) blew (P) the man (Oi) a kiss (Od).
10) I (S) had brought (P) you (Oi) good news (Od).

Complex transitive verbs are found in sentences that have object complements. Such sentences usually follow the SPOC pattern. Complex transitive verb, apart from having an object, also has an object complement. Examples:

11) We (S) made (P) the boy (O) our class rep (C). Note that the verb “made” is the complex transitive verb because the sentence contains object complement which is “our class rep”.
12) We (S) considered (P) the girl (O) a genius (C).
13) The man (S) rated (P) them (O) wise (C).

Note: Examples 11 and 12 are SPOC nominal while Example 13 is SPOC adjectival. Whenever there is an object complement, there is always co-referentiality.



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