Remember that statements are primarily used to convey information such as: “He shut the door.”
And questions are primarily used to ask for information such as: “Did he shut the door?”
Commands or imperatives are sentences primarily used to instruct someone to do (or not to do) something. Examples:
- Shut the door.
- Do not shut the door.
We can recognize three main types of commands. Each falls in a different way from the corresponding statements. These are:
(a) Commands without a subject
(b) Commands with a subject
(c) Commands with “Let”
Commands without a subject: These are the commonest type of commands in that they are spoken without a subject. Examples:
- Listen to me.
- Be careful.
- Get out.
Commands with subject: The distinguishing feature is that it is less common and it is used when you are angry with someone. Examples:
- Wale, shut the door.
- Iyabo, get out.
- Everybody, sit down.
- Femi, listen to me.
Commands with “let”: The commands in this category can usually be formed from positive active statements like:
(a) We must go home now. (declarative statement)
(b) Let us go home now. (Imperative)
Another term for “command with let” is “command with respect”. You only use “let” to introduce a command.
Negative commands are formed by adding negator “don’t”. Examples:
- Don’t you shut the door.
- Don’t anyone shut the door.
- Don’t you dare shut the door.